The Neighborhood

HISTORY

Based on the location of the original Lenox Hill, which was on a farm that spanned present-day 68th Street to 74th Street, east of Fifth Avenue, The Encyclopedia of New York City defines the neighborhood as the area between 60th Street and 77th Street, from Fifth Avenue on the west to Lexington Avenue on the east. However, neighborhood boundaries can shift and most residents see the modern boundaries differently, as the Lenox Hill post office and the neighborhood's service-oriented retail shops are located east of Lexington Avenue. Many maps also place Lenox Hill in the eastern section of the Upper East Side's lower portion, including maps of Manhattan Community District 8 and by the Friends of the Upper East Side.

The neighborhood is named for the hill that "stood at what became 70th Street and Park Avenue." The name "Lenox" is that of the immigrant Scottish merchant Robert Lenox (1759-1839), who owned about 30 acres (120,000 m2) of land "at the five-mile (8 km) stone", reaching from Fifth to Fourth (now Park) Avenues and from East 74th to 68th Streets.For the sum of $6,420 ($105,000 in current dollar terms) or $6,920 ($113,000) he had purchased a first set of three parcels in 1818, at an auction held at the Tontine Coffee House of mortgaged premises of Archibald Gracie, in order to protect Gracie's heirs from foreclosure, as he was executor of Gracie's estate. Several months later he purchased three further parcels, extending his property north to 74th Street. According to one source, "Thereafter these two tracts were known as the 'Lenox Farm.'" The tenant farmhouse stood on the rise of ground between Fifth and Madison avenues and 70th and 71st Streets, which would have been the hill, if the property had ever been called "Lenox Hill." The railroad right-of-way of the New York & Harlem Railroad passed along the east boundary of the property.

Union Theological Seminary on Park Avenue, in Lenox Hill (1883).
Robert Lenox's son James Lenox divided most of the farm into blocks of building lots and sold them during the 1860s and 1870s; he also donated land for the Union Theological Seminary along the railroad right-of-way, between 69th and 70th Streets, and just north of it a full square block between Madison and Fourth Avenue, 70th and 71st streets, for the Presbyterian Hospital, which occupied seven somewhat austere structures on the plot; He built the Lenox Library on a full block-front of Fifth Avenue, now the site of the Frick Collection.

-wikipedia

Churches in Lenox Hill

Eighth Church of Christ Scientist                        103 East 77 Street

St. Jean Baptiste Church and School                  184 East 76 Street

Unitarian Church of All Souls                             1157 Lexington Avenue

Church of Sain. Ferrer

Schools in Lenox Hill

Robert F. Wagner Middle School                       220 East 76 Street

Ramaz Upper School                                          60 East 78 Street

Allen Stevenson School                                      132 East 78 Street

Wagner Middle School

Institutions

THE FUND FOR PARK AVENUE    445 Park Avenue

CIVITAS    1457 Lexington Avenue       Tel 212-996-0745

CARNEGIE HILL NEIGHBORS
Lo van der Valk, President
1326 Madison Avenue
New York, NY 10128\212-996-5520

Carnegieneighbors.org

 

RETAILERS

 

RESTAURANTS

 

HOTELS

The Mark Hotel                               25 East 77 street

The Carlyle Hotel                             35 East 76 Street

 

HOSPITALS

Mt. Sinai Hospital                           1468 Madison Avenue

Metropolitan Hospital                   1901 First Avenue

Weill Cornell Hospital                    525 East 68 street

Gracie Square Hospital                  420 East 76 Street

Harlem Hospital                              506 Lenox Avenue

Hospital for Special Surgery         536 East 70 street

Memorial Sloan Kettering             1275 York Avenue

Manhattan Eye and Ear                 210 East 64 Street  *Owned by Northwell

NYU Langone                                   550 First Avenue

BLOCK ASSOCIATIONS

East Siders For Sensible Development